Urological Conditions

A physician holds a model of a sperm cell.

A Guide to Vasectomy

The choice of a contraceptive method is made as per the requirements of the person, and various factors like comorbidities, family completion, and age are considered. Vasectomy is also a highly effective contraceptive method.

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Adrenal Cancer

Adrenal glands are a pair of glands resting on the top of each kidney. Their function is to produce hormones that take part in numerous processes occurring in the body. Adrenal cancers are also often known as adrenocortical carcinomas. Some of these tumors may produce hormones while others may not.

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A physician with a pen and clipboard discusses treatment with a male patient.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

BPH is an increase in the size of the prostate that may cause urinary symptoms like blockage of urine flow and increased frequency of urination. It is a fairly common condition that affects most men above the age of 60. BPH is a non-cancerous and harmless enlargement, and should not be a cause of extreme worry.

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Bladder Cancer

The term bladder cancer is commonly used to describe cancers that appear in the urothelium (internal lining of the bladder), thus also called urothelial carcinomas or transitional cell carcinomas

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Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is the 6th most common cancer in the United States, according to the Urology Care Foundation.

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Bladder Control Problems

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A man sits on the side of the bed with his head in his hands. His wife is in the background looking away from him.

Erectile Dysfunction

ED is the most common sex problem men discuss with their doctors. The American Urological Association estimates that 30 million men have ED. It is more common if you’re older, but younger men get it, too. If you’re not as healthy as you could be, the odds you’ll be dealing with ED go up.

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Hematuria

Hematuria is a term used to describe a condition characterized by blood in the urine.

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Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic condition characterized by a feeling of intense pain and pressure in the bladder. For this reason, it is also known as bladder pain syndrome (BPS). In addition to chronic pain, the patient usually suffers from other symptoms as well.

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Kidney Cancer

There are two major types of kidney cancers on the basis of their origin: Primary Kidney Cancers and Metastatic Kidney Cancers.

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Illustration of kidneys with a kidney stone

Kidney Stones

A kidney stone is a small mass that forms from crystallized substances in your kidney or, in some cases, one of your ureters (the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder). These chemicals aren’t able to dissolve in urine, so the crystals stick together and get larger, forming the stone.

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Low Testosterone

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A woman and man read an at-home pregnancy test.

Male Infertility

Infertility is the inability to conceive after at least one year of unprotected intercourse. Since most people are able to conceive within this time, physicians recommend that couples unable to do so be assessed for fertility problems.

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A physician works on papers. Focus is on a plaque in the foreground with Urologist written on it.

Medications for BPH

Discussion of Alpha Blockers, 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitors, and Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitors

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Overactive Bladder (OAB)

The term Overactive Bladder (OAB) is used to refer to a number of urinary symptoms, the most common being a near-constant urge to pass urine. This urge can be sudden and uncontrolled, requiring multiple and frequent trips to the toilet. You may feel as if urinating ‘cannot wait,’ and there may or may not be associated urinary leakage.

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Pediatric Urology

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Peyronie's disease causes a distinct bend in the penis that can make erections painful and sex difficult.

Peyronie’s Disease

Peyronie’s disease occurs when areas of hard scar tissue called plaques form on your penis, just below the surface of the skin. In fact, you might be able to feel them.

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is cancer arising from the prostate. The prostate, a walnut-sized gland, is an important part of the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer interferes with both sexual and urinary functions.

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Prostatitis

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, a walnut-sized organ present in men. Inflammation is the body’s immune response to any pathogen that attacks it. The body recruits the immune cells at the site of invasion through the bloodstream and starts a destructive process to clear out the pathogen. This may also cause harm to surrounding normal body tissues.

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

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Testicular Cancer

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Upper Tract Tumors

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Urethral Cancer

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Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence, simply known as loss of control over the bladder, is a medical problem in which there is a sudden involuntary leakage of urine. The basic pathology is the loss of control over the urinary sphincter or bladder that leads to unconscious and involuntary urine leakage.

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Urinary Incontinence and Its Types

Urinary incontinence is when you lose voluntary control of the urinary bladder and pass some urine involuntarily. It is an embarrassing condition that affects the quality of your life. Urinary incontinence not only has physical implications, but also affects your social life. There are many types of this condition with different underlying causes.

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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

When any pathogen (bacteria, viruses, etc.) invades a urinary tract organ, it is termed as urinary tract infection (UTI). Inflammation is the body’s natural reaction to all foreign particles identified as harmful. This results in immune cells destroying the pathogens and saving the organs from their damaging effects. This also has some effects on healthy cells of the body, which explains symptoms like pain and fever.

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Varicocele

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Vasectomy Reversal

Vasectomy reversal is a procedure carried out to undo the process of vasectomy. 1,2 It is done by reattaching the two cut ends of vas deferens together or in some cases, by directly attaching vas to the epididymis.

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